SHORTER POEMS, LYRICS, AND LYRICAL TECHNIQUE
[Cross-references included at the bottom of the page]
902. CHERNISS, MICHAL D. "Chaucer's Anelida and Arcite: Some Conjectures." Chaucer Review 5 (1970):9-21.
Hypothesizes that the fragmentary Anelida and Arcite was to be a dream vision, structurally similar to Chaucer's other dream visions, and suggests that conflicts of plot and purpose between the poem and the early attested version of the Knight's Tale compelled Chaucer to stop where he did.
903. CLOGAN, PAUL M. "The Textual Reliability of Chaucer's Lyrics: A Complaint to His Lady." Medievalia et Humanistica, n.s., 5 (1974):183-89.
Challenges editorial emendation of Chaucer's Complaint to His Lady, arguing that the poem is unfinished and experimental, valid as an example of Chaucer at work and better left unemended.
904. CROSS, J.E. "The Old Swedish Trohetsvisan and Chaucer's Lak of Stedfastnesse--A Study in a Mediaeval Genre." Saga- Book 16 (1965):283-314.
Assesses the genre and purpose of Chaucer's Lak of Stedfastnesse, comparing it to the Old Swedish Trohetsvisan as a conventional example of moralizing complaint. Even though its envoy amd manuscript rubrics suggest several occasions for the piece, Chaucer's poem follows the genre's traditional conventions of thought and expression. Includes a valuable line-by-line schematic analysis of Chaucer's poem.
905. DAVID, ALFRED. "An ABC To the Style of the Prioress." In Acts of Interpretation: The Text and Its Context, 700-1600: Essays on Medieval and Renaissance Literature in Honor of E. Talbot Donaldson. Edited by Mary J. Carruthers and Elizabeth D. Kirk. Norman, Okla.: Pilgrim Books, 1982, pp. 147-57.
Reads Chaucer's An A.B.C. as a careful piece of artifice rather than a mere translation of its French model, and comparing this artifice to the style of the Prioress's character and tale, shows how both reflect a contemporary "sentimentalized religiosity that worships beauty as a version of truth."
906. DAVID, ALFRED. "Chaucer's Good Counsel to Scogan." Chaucer Review 3 (1969):265-74.
Explains Chaucer's Envoy to Scogan as a playful ballad of good counsel with autobiographical overtones and an implicit serious moral: human accomplishment, including poetry, is transitory.
907. FINNEL, ANDREW J. "The Poet as Sunday Man: The Complaint of Chaucer to His Purse." Chaucer Review 8 (1973):147- 58.
Argues that Chaucer wrote Complaint to His Purse while avoiding debts in the sanctuary of Westminster close some months after the accession of Henry IV, explicating the poem as a cogent plea for funds.
908. GALWAY, MARGARET. "Chaucer Among Thieves." Times Literary Supplement, 20 April 1946, p. 187.
Reads Chaucer's ballad, Fortune, autobiographically, suggesting that the date of the poem and its details match well with the events of early September 1390 when the poet was robbed twice and beaten. His embarrassment at these events is punningly presented in the poem.
909. LAIRD, EDGAR S. "Astrology and Irony in Chaucer's Complaint of Mars." Chaucer Review 6 (1972):229-31.
Argues in astrological terms that Venus's abandoning of Mars for Mercury in Complaint of Mars is anthropomorphic, a cosmic enactment of Criseyde's betrayal of Troilus.
910. LAMPE, DAVID E. "The Truth of a 'Vache': The Homely Homily of Chaucer's Truth." Papers on Language and Literature 9 (1973):311-14.
Surveys the interpretations of the reference to "Vache" in Chaucer's Truth, Balade de Bon Conseyl, and reads "vache" as "ox," a tropological figure of the "necessity of worldly renunciation." The poem encourages humanity to leave the world for heavenly truth.
911. LENAGHAN, R.T. "Chaucer's Envoy to Scogan: The Uses of Literary Comventions." Chaucer Review 10 (1975):46-61.
Reads Envoy to Scogan in its court context of the 1390's, comparing it to contemporary conventional verse by Deschamps, Machaut, and Gower, and arguing that the poem reflects the urbane and ironic atmosphere of the court.
912. LUDLAM, CHAS. D. "Heavenly Word-Play in Chaucer's Complaint to His Purse." Notes and Queries 23 (1976):391-2.
Identifies two puns and demonstrates three levels of imagery in Chaucer's Complaint to His Purse: financial, amatory, and heavenly.
913. NICHOLS, ROBERT E., Jr. "Chaucer's Fortune, Truth, and Gentilesse: The 'Last' Unpublished Manuscript Transcriptions." Speculum 44 (1969):46-50.
Transcribes Fortune and Truth from the Leiden Manuscript, also known as MS Vossius 9, and Gentilesse from MS Cambridge University Library Gg 4.27.1(b), making available in print for the first time these versions of the poems.
914. NOLAN, CHARLES J., Jr. "Structural Sophistication in the Complaint unto Pity." Chaucer Review 13 (1979):363-72.
Demonstrates the structural and verbal parallels between a portion of Chaucer's Complaint unto Pity and contemporary legal bills of petition, showing how the poet blended legal and amorous styles to produce "resonance" in his poem.
915. NORTON-SMITH, J. "Chaucer's Anelida and Arcite." In Medieval Studies for J.A.W. Bennett. Edited by P.L. Heyworth. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1981, pp. 81-99.
Against critical trend, argues that Anelida and Arcite is a complete poem, influenced formally and thematically by Italian humanistic verse, more similar to Troilus and Criseyde and Legend of Good Women than to Knight's Tale, and therefore probably written fairly late in Chaucer's career.
916. PACE, GEORGE B. "The Chaucerian Proverbs." Studies in Bibliography 18 (1965):41-48.
Presents the evidence necessary to assess whether the short poem, Proverbs, is Chaucer's. Collocates the four available versions, commenting on their variations. Reworks the manuscript stemma, assessing the evidence of Stowe's edition which is based on none of the three extant manuscripts.
917. ROBBINS. ROSSELL H[OPE]. "Chaucer's To Rosemounde." Studies in the Literary Imagination 4, no. 2 (1971):73- 81.
Surveys critical opinions of To Rosemounde and reads the poem as the aging Chaucer's humorous flattery of the young Isabelle of France, new child-queen of England. The poem was composed on the occasion of Isabelle's entry into London, 1396.
918. SCATTERGOOD, V.J. "Chaucer's Curial Satire: The Balade de bon conseyl." Hermathena 133 (1982):29-450.
Places Chaucer's Balade de bon conseyl (Truth) in the tradition of epistolary curial satire, comparing it to examples of the genre by Horace, Seneca, Walter Map, Alain Chartier, and William Dunbar. Suggests that the conventions and ideas of the poem come from this tradition rather than from Boethian philosophy.
919. SCHMIDT, A.V.C. "Chaucer and the Golden Age." Essays in Criticism 26 (1976):99-115.
Explicates the poetic technique of Chaucer's Former Age, demonstrating the quality of its rhetoric, metrics, imagery, diction, and its successful adaptation of its Boethian source.
920. SCOTT, FLORENCE R. "A New Look at the Complaint of Chaucer to His Empty Purse." English Language Notes 2 (1964):81- 87.
Reads Chaucer's Complaint to His Purse in light of contemporary records and argues that, written at the time of Henry's accession, the poem was not an earnest claim of poverty, but a successful and somewhat ironic reminder of loyalty from Chaucer to his new king.
921. VASTA, EDWARD. "To Rosemounde: Chaucer's 'Gentil' Dramatic Monologue." In Chaucerian Problems and Perspectives: Essays Presented to Paul E. Beichner, C.S.C. Edited by Edward Vasta and Zacharias P. Thundy. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1979, pp. 97-113.
Reads Chaucer's To Rosemounde as a satire on poetic language and bourgeois aspiration to courtly sentiment. The poem's images of a tub of tears and a wallowing fish, its clumsy paradoxes, and its incompetent structure establish a bathetic voice for a mediocre lover.
922. WIMSATT, JAMES I. "Anelida and Arcite: A Narrative of Complaint and Comfort." Chaucer Review 5 (1970):1-8.
Compares Chaucer's unfinished Anelida and Arcite to French dits of complaint and comfort, showing how the extant complaint portion of the poem parallels French models in style and detail, and suggesting that the poem would have ended with a structurally similar section concerned with comfort--the "reunion of the lovers."
See also entries 3, 5, 22, 39, 46-47, 233, 236, 243. For technique: 38, 183, 188, 240, 734, 773; moral ballads: 170, 187, 482, 555; complaints: 88, 165, 806; An A.B.C.: 32, 208, 806, 840; Anelida and Arcite: 46, 137, 373, 806, 809; Complaint of Mars: 165, 210, 217, 221-22, 224, 243, 774, 806, 809; Scogan: 67, 862.
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