[Cross-references included at the bottom of the page]


795. HUPPE, BERNARD F. "The Unlikely Narrator: The Narrative Stategy of the Troilus. In Signs and Symbols in Chaucer's Poetry, ed. by John P. Hermann and John J. Burke, Jr. University: Alabama University Press, 1981, pp. 174-91.

Examines the "awryness" of the proems of Troilus and Crisyde and the prevailing conflict between comedy and tragedy evident through the poem's narrrator. His misplaced sense of tragedy and his loss of control of his material in the proem of Book IV set up a "shock of recognition" when we witness the high truth of Troilus's apotheosis. Chaucer exploits the narrator and the "allurement of love" to produce this shock.

796. SALTER, ELIZABETH. "Troilus and Criseyde: Poet and Narrator." In Acts of Interpretation: The Text and Its Context, 700-1400: Essays on Medieval and Renaissance Literature in Honor of E. Talbot Donaldson. Edited by Mary J. Carruthers and Elizabeth D. Kirk. Norman, Okla.: Pilgrim Books, 1982, pp. 281-91.

Challenges the critical separation of poet and narrator in Troilus and Criseyde, arguing that the evidence of tension between the plot and the narrator's opinions--especially concerning the character of Criseyde--reflects the poet's emotional struggle with his material rather than a "sentimental narrator."

797. WASWO, RICHARD. "The Narrator of Troilus and Criseyde." ELH: Journal of English Literary History50 (1983):1-25.

Explores the conflicting critical opinions about the narrator of Troilus and Criseyde, attributing such conflict not to differences of method but to the contradictions of the poem which result from Chaucer's social status and the upheavals of his day. Because Chaucer addressed a socially superior audience, his poem effects the "irony of dislocation," not the "irony of complicity."

See also entries 81, 85-86, 162, 167, 171, 702, 717, 742, 766, 775, 785, 798, 802.

Table of Contents

Previous Section: Troilus and Criseyde--Minor Characters

Next Section: Troilus and Criseyde--The Ending