HONOR, CHIVALRY, AND GENTILESSE
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242. BAKER, DONALD C. "Chaucer's Clerk and the Wife of Bath on the Subject of Gentilesse." Studies in Philology 59 (1962):631-40.
Demonstrates how the theme of gentilesse in Clerk's Tale tightens its relationship with Wife of Bath's Prologue, provides a "motive of a sort" for Walter, and indicates how the envoy fits the wry Clerk as teller. Through his presentation, the Clerk "neatly demonstrated the central fallacy of the Wife's interpretation" of sovereignty.
243. BLAMIRES, ALCUIN. "Chaucer's Revaluation of Chivalric Honor." Mediaevalia 5 (1979):245-69.
Defines the "fundamentally belligerent style of honor" in late medieval literature and society, and identifies Chaucer's "profound misgivings" about this ideal of prowesss as expressed in Balade of Bon Conseyl, Complaint of Mars, Sir Thopas, Knight's Tale, and especially Tale of Melibee
244. BREWER, D[EREK] S. "Honour in Chaucer." Essays and Studies 26 (1973):1-19. Reprinted in Tradition and Innovation in Chaucer (London: Macmillan Press, 1982), pp. 89-109.
Surveys many of Chaucer's references to honor to define his use of the term and demonstrate its importance in his poetry, especially Troilus and Criseyde and Franklin's Tale. Honor is both inner goodness and social reputation; it is a passive state of virtue or blood and an active meriting of honor or honoring of others. Both masculine heroic honor and feminine chaste honor are transcended by the spiritual honor of "trouthe."
245. COGHILL, NEVILL. Chaucer's Idea of What is Noble. Presidential Address, 1971. London: English Association, 1971, 18 pp.
Considers Chaucer's understanding of gentilesse--derived from the Knight's portrait and tale and the tales of the Franklin and the Wife of Bath--as part of Christian poetic tradition. In Chaucer, Dante, and Langland, gentilesse is associated with imitation of Christ.
246. HATTON, THOMAS J. "Thematic Relationships between Chaucer's Squire's Portrait and Tale and the Knight's Portrait and Tale." Studies in Medieval Culture 4 (1974):452-58.
Contrasts Chaucer's sketches and tales of the Squire and Knight, emphasizing the disparity between their attitudes towards chivalry, and arguing that Chaucer undercuts the Squire in order to encourage his court audience to return to the values of the past.
See also entries 133, 170, 328, 353, 364-65, 425, 427, 430, 476, 484, 530, 537, 540, 549, 552, 749.
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