EDITIONS AND EDITING                       

[Cross-references included at the bottom of the page]


13. BLAKE, N.F., ed. The "Canterbury Tales" by Geoffrey Chaucer: Edited from the Hengwrt Manuscript. York Medieval Texts, 2d series. London: Edward Arnold, 1980, 713 pp.

Edits Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, following the Hengwrt manuscript for both text and tale-order, and emending it only conservatively except when introducing modern punctuation and paragraphing. The "Introduction" defines editorial practice, describes the habits of the scribe, and defends the use of Hengwrt as a base text. Accompanying the text at the bottom of the page, brief notes and glosses clarify archaic words and phrases, and occasionally identify sources. Includes a brief bibliography and glossary, a note on language, and unglossed appendices of materials added late to the Hengwrt or unavailable there but found in the Ellesmere manuscript, e.g., several links between tales and Canon's Yeoman's Prologue and Tale.

14. DONALDSON, E. T[ALBOT], ed. Chaucer's Poetry: An Anthology for the Modern Reader. 2d ed. New York: Ronald Press Co., 1975, 1179 pp.

Presents a wide selection of Chaucer's verse in normalized text and comments on these poems with notable good sense. Includes only select poetic tales of Canterbury, Troilus and Criseyde, and a judicious selection of the early poems and lyrics. Adjusted spelling and punctuation, helpful glosses, and short explanatory notes ease modern reading, but more importantly, extensive appended commentary on each work and on miscellaneous topics provides insightful discussion of Chaucer's works. The glossary, short bibliography, and especially the commentary are a good point of departure for any first-time investigation of Chaucer and valuable touchstones for more advanced criticism.

15. FISHER, JOHN H., ed. The Complete Poetry and Prose of Geoffrey Chaucer. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1977. Reprint (with revised bibliography). New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1982, 1047 pp.

The most recent edition of Chaucer's prose and poetry, complete with Chaucer's traditional corpus, Equatorie of the Planets, and fragments A and B of Romaunt of the Rose. Each text is drawn from a base manuscript (Ellesmere for Canterbury Tales), emended conservatively from the collations of Manly and Rickert (entry 31), Root (entry 20), or Koch (entry 17). Includes select variants, explanatory notes, and glosses on the bottom of each page, emphasizing ease of use rather than absolute thoroughness. Helpful essays introduce individual works and discuss Chaucer's poetic contribution, his life, his language and versification. The valuable bibliography and small glossary combine with the editing, the commentary, and the superior presentation to make this the most useable edition of Chaucer available.

16. GUNTHER, R.T. Chaucer and Messahalla on the Astrolabe. Early Science in Oxford, no. 5. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1929, 242 pp.

A translation and partial edition of Chaucer's unfinished Treatise on the Astrolabe, most valuable for its sixty-two illustrations which accompany the treatise, a complete set from the best manuscript and the most extensive available in print. Includes facsimiles and translation of Massahalla's illustrated Astrolabe, which probably was a source for Chaucer, and the text and translation of non-Chaucerian materials similar to those with which he planned to conclude his treatise.

17. KOCH, JOHN, ed. Geoffrey Chaucer: Kleinere Dichtungen: nebst Einleitung Lesarten, Anmerkungen und einem Worterverzeichnis. Englische Textbibliothek, no. 18. Heidelberg: Carl Winter, 1928, 268 pp.

Edits all of Chaucer's poems except Troilus and Criseyde and Canterbury Tales, following the canon established by Brusendorff (entry 26). Valuable primarily for its list of manuscript variants appended to each poem, although the glossary and surveys of the manuscripts of the individual poems are helpful. Introduction and apparatus written in German.

18. PRICE, DEREK J., ed. The Equatorie of the Plantis: Edited from Peterhouse MS.75.I. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1955, 230 pp.

A facsimile reproduction, transcription, and translation into modern English of Equatorie of the Planets which ascribes the text to Chaucer, describes the manuscript and its provenance, discusses the astrological tables that accompany the text, and explains the Ptolemaic planetary system and the history of equatoria. Includes a linguistic analysis by R.M. Wilson that corroborates the ascription to Chaucer, an analysis of the script believed to be Chaucer's own, a comparison with Chaucer's Treatise on the Astrolabe, and a glossary.

19. ROBINSON, F.N., ed. The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer. The New Cambridge Edition. 2d ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1957. Revised as The Riverside Chaucer, edited by Larry D. Benson (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1987), 1327 pp.

The best known, most frequently quoted edition of Chaucer's works. Based upon preferred manuscripts of the works (Ellesmere for Canterbury Tales), the eclectic text, the introductory essays, and the textual and explanatory notes have made this the standard edition of Chaucer for several generations. A team of thirty-three experts have recently re-edited the texts (complete corpus except for Equatorie of the Planets), rewritten the apparatus and introductory essays, and expanded the bibliography and glossary. Brief glosses for unfamiliar words are provided at the foot of each page and the format has been more attractive and readable.

20. ROOT, ROBERT KILBURN, ed. The Book of Troilus and Criseyde, By Geoffrey Chaucer. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1926, 663 pp.

Long regarded as the best edition of Troilus and Criseyde, but recently challenged for its questionable textual theory (see Windeatt, entries 24 & 693; and Hanna, in entry 21). The text is based on the assumption that Chaucer revised the poem extensively. Hence, the textual apparatus provides only limited variants, assuming that the others were expunged by the poet. The explanatory introduction discusses the sources of the poem, explains Chaucer's learning, and describes the manuscripts and previous major editions. The extensive annotations underlie all later discussions of the poem, and must be considered in any study. Especially good are the philological comments.

21. RUGGIERS, PAUL G., ed. Editing Chaucer: The Great Tradition. Norman, Okla.: Pilgrim Books, 1984, 310 pp.

Collects twelve essays on the major editors of Chaucer between the invention of printing and the first half of the twentith century. Includes essays on Caxton by Beverly Boyd, Thynne by James E. Blodgett, Stow by Anne Hudson, Speght by Derek Pearsall, Urry by William L. Anderson (exerpted from entry 193), Tyrwhitt by B. A. Windeatt, Wright by Thomas Ross, Furnivall by Donald C. Baker, Skeat (entry 23) by A.S.G. Edwards, Root (entry 20) by Ralph Hanna III, Manly and Rickert (entry 31) by George Kane, and Robinson (entry 19) by George F. Reinecke.

22. RUGGIERS, PAUL G., ed. A Variorum Edition of the Works of Geoffrey Chaucer. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1979--.

Intended to present fresh texts from the best manuscripts, variants from the important manuscripts and editions down to the present, textual and explanatory notes summarizing the scholarship and criticism to c1980- 85, and introductory surveys of the criticism and textual tradition. Published so far: Vol. 1 (entry 33). Vol. 2, Part 3: The Miller's Tale. Ed. by Thomas W. Ross, 1983. Vol. 2, Part 9: The Nun's Priest's Tale. Ed. by Derek Pearsall, 1984. Vol. 2, Part 10: The Manciple's Tale. Ed. by Donald C. Baker, 1984. Vol. 5: The Minor Poems. Ed. by George B. Pace and Alfred David, 1982 (Contains Truth, Gentilesse, Lak of Stedfastnesse, The Former Age, Adam Scrivyn, Envoy to Bukton, Envoy to Scogan, To Rosemounde, Merciles Beaute, Womanly Noblesse, Against Women Unconstant, Proverbs). For editorial principles, see Vol. 1 (entry 33).

23. SKEAT, WALTER W., ed. The Complete Works Of Geoffrey Chaucer: Edited, from Numerous Manuscripts. 2d ed. 7 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1899-1900, 4274 pp.

The "Oxford" Chaucer; the first complete, modern edition of Chaucer's prose and poetry based on manuscripts rather than earlier editions. Because emended eccentricaly, the text is out-dated, but the glossary is detailed and extensive. The scholarly notes form the basis of modern understanding of Chaucer and must be consulted by student and scholar alike. With few exceptions the canon is standard. Adjusts the Ellesmere manuscript in following the Chaucer Society order of Canterbury Tales. The seventh, supplementary, volume is the best available collection of Chaucer apocrypha.

24. WINDEATT, B[ARRY] A. Troilus & Criseyde: A New Edition of "The Book of Troilus". London: Longman, 1984, 596 pp.

Conservative, scholarly edition of the Corpus Christi MS. of Troilus and Criseyde, including a complete record of all substantial variants in the manuscripts and first three printed editions of the poem. Presents the text alongside the Italian of Boccaccio's Filostrato, Chaucer's source, and provides extensive scholarly and critical notes which gloss hard words, survey criticism, and clarify Chaucer's relations to his sources. The introductory material describes the poem's manuscripts and meter, theorizes about Chaucer's techniques of translation (see entry 704) and scribal treatment of the poem (see entry 692), and challenges Root's theory (entry 691) of multiple versions of the text (see entry 693).

See also entries 28, 33, 913.

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